History of Concrete
While it might not seem like a modern miracle the concrete in your driveway is a relatively new invention.
Concrete in some form or another dates back to pre-history. In the ancient Middle East clay was used as a liquid bonding substance that turned into concrete when dry. While the origins of concrete date back to ancient times it was not until the middle of the 1700s that a substance even resembling modern cement came into existence.
John Smeaton is known as “the father of civil engineering.” His discovery of the requirements necessary to create hydraulicity in lime led to the invention of Portland cement. It is the most comment type of cement it used in concrete construction. The invention of Portland Cement led to the reemergence in concrete as a building material.
Even though Smeaton got the invention started the was not until the 19th century that Joseph Aspdin discovered the chemical properties to create stronger cement that the stuff in your driveway was actually born.
Concrete that features imbedded metal or reinforced concrete was not discovered until 1849 by a French gardener named Joseph Monier. His invention led to modern construction as concrete could be used for floors, arches and bridges.
Concrete may look and seem like a simple substance, but it took centuries of engineering upgrades to make your driveway a strong, smooth and flat surface.